Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the result of a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) as a result of loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Every year 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and over one million people die, most of them young children.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease can be found depends mainly on climatic factors such as temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The primary areas where malaria disease can be found are; Africa, Madagascar, India and Latin America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where host mosquito, of the genus Anopheles, will be able to survive and multiply. You can find approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 in which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in locations where the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle within the mosquitoes can humans be infected. There are four varieties of malaria parasite that will infect humans they are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Time needed for development of the parasite in the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species as well as the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to combat malaria – Scientists through the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough that could end the international combat against malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that will kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi come into connection with insect blood, in a scientific step which could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists think that using the same technology some day can fight various other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.
By utilizing fungus along with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they can prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. Exactly the same technology may be used once to fight other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.